[tags: attacks and criticism on religion]

Marx and Engels were responding to social hardships stemming from the rise of capitalism.

New historicists do not believe that we can look at history objectively, but rather that we interpret events as products of our time and culture and that "...we don't have clear access to any but the most basic facts of history...our understanding of what such facts mean...is...strictly a matter of interpretation, not fact" (279). Moreover, New Historicism holds that we are hopelessly subjective interpreters of what we observe.

One critic, however, takes the religious controversy to an even further extreme, and seems very concerned with defending Brahms' own religious beliefs and "honesty" in writing the .

In short, the question is not whether the digital humanities should include theorized critique. At some level, and especially in some branches, the field already does by virtue simply of belonging to the family of the contemporary humanities. Instead, the question is what sort of critique is uniquely appropriate and purposive for the digital humanities. What critique, in other words, not only allows the field to assist mainstream humanities critique but could not be conducted except through digital humanities methods that use technology self-reflexively as part of the very condition, and not just facility, of critically knowing and acting on culture today?

However, different theories, ideas, and prejudices can influence a sociologist's conclusions.


Though Houtondji and many musicians share the common goal of improving society, or at least highlighting its flaws, the parties focus on different aspects of society, and probably garner different results.

“Cultural Criticism and Frankenstein.” Frankenstein.

To a Western reader, Houtondji and his writings may seem more serious, scholarly, and even competent, even for such a simple reason as a societal bias towards the written word over the spoken.

Cultural Criticism and Society by Theodor Adorno

As art and the innovation of art progressed into the 21st century cultural criticism dominated.

From this it is therefore presumed that what one society considers to be morally right, another society may consider to be morally wrong, therefore, moral right's and wrongs are only relative to a particular society.

Cultural Criticism & Transformation Essay - CourseBB

Based on the theories of Karl Marx (and so influenced by philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel), this school concerns itself with class differences, economic and otherwise, as well as the implications and complications of the capitalist system: "Marxism attempts to reveal the ways in which our socioeconomic system is the ultimate source of our experience" (Tyson 277).


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Matthew Passion and Handel's , making not only for a rather lengthy concert, but also -- not at all coincidentally -- reinforcing the religious nature of the itself.

The Bremen performance was not marred by any such mistakes as had clouded the Vienna premiere, and the critical response was one of resounding approval and appreciation.

Media and Cultural criticism

The goal of cultural materialism is to explain politics, economics, ideology and symbolic aspects of a culture with relation to the needs of that society.

thereby criticizing consumer culture and/or drawing attention to a problem in society.

Theorists working in the Marxist tradition, therefore, are interested in answering the overarching question, whom does it [the work, the effort, the policy, the road, etc.] benefit? The elite? The middle class? And Marxists critics are also interested in how the lower or working classes are oppressed - in everyday life and in literature.

Our society and world in general become more and more culturally diverse and cosmopolitan.

Cultural critics use strategies such as deconstructionism, gender studies, new historicism, and psychology to analyze and evaluate pieces of work (Meyer 2128)....

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In literary analysis, a Jungian critic would look for archetypes (also see the discussion of Northrop Frye in the Structuralism section) in creative works: "Jungian criticism is generally involved with a search for the embodiment of these symbols within particular works of art." (Richter 505). When dealing with this sort of criticism, it is often useful to keep a handbook of mythology and a dictionary of symbols on hand.