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26 January 1351, at Westminster. "Commission of oyer and terminer to Thomas de Fencotes, Thomas de Lathum, 'chivaler,' the elder, Henry de Haydok, clerk, and Gilbert de Haydok, on complaint by Henry de Ditton that William de Wydenesse, Margery his wife, Richard son of William Gernet of Bolde, . . . and others, broke his houses at Penketh and Great Sonky [Sankey], co. Lancaster, burned the timber thereof and carried away his goods." - from the "Patent Rolls" of Edward III.

A further reference to Geoffrey associates him with the Barony of Penwortham.

1199-1201. "It has been possible to draw up a complete Feodary of the Honor of Lancaster at this date, from the returns of the first and second scutages of King John's reign, 1199-1201.
By the Sheriff of Lancaster.
. . .
Roger de Freckleton, Geoffrey Gernet [1/3 fee], Quenild de Warton - for the Barony of Penwortham - Fees: 3
. . .
Benedict Gernet, Chief Forester of Lancaster - Fees: 1" - from "The Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I., A.D. 1130, and of the Reigns of Henry II., A.D...." by W. Farrer
The Barony of Penwortham, in the region of Preston, on the Ribble estuary, was under the lordship of the Bussel family. That information makes the next reference of interest.
- from "The Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I., A.D. 1130, and of the Reigns of Henry II., A.D...." by W. Farrer
So Geoffrey's father or brother, Benedict, was also closely associated with the barony.

"The manor of Arbury was held in 1212 by the lord of Lowton by knight's service, its rating being half a plough-land. It had been granted by Adam de Lowton to Geoffrey Gernet, who in turn had enfeoffed Thurstan Banastre. Half of it was given by Thurstan to Cockersand Abbey in alms." - from "Townships: Houghton, Middleton and Arbury, British History Online."

". . . The same Adam [the father of William de Lauton] gave to Geoffrey Gerneth half a carucate of land in knight's service. Geoffrey gave those bovates to Thurstan Banastre in knight's service." - from The Great Inquest of Service, A.D. 1212, page 73, "Lancashire Inquests, Extents, and Feudal Aids ..." by William Farrer

Footnote. "The half carucate which Adam de Lowton had given to Geoffrey Gernet was the vill of Arbury, one moiety of which Thurstan Banastre gave to Cockersand Abbey." - from The Great Inquest of Service, A.D. 1212, page 73, "Lancashire Inquests, Extents, and Feudal Aids ..." by William Farrer
Arbury is a hamlet near Winwick, in southern Lancashire, in the parish of Manchester. Thurston Banastre was born in Newton, in Cheshire, in 1192 and died in 1219. The Banastre's were retainers of the Earl of Chester. A Thurston Banstre was the grandfather of Quenilda, the second wife of Roger Gernet.

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Upon John's death in 1399 Richard II seized the Duchy which should have gone to John's son, Henry, then Earl of Hereford, and made it part of the properties of the monarch. Henry had led the opposition to Richard's policies, much as Thomas of Lancaster had against Edward II, and earned the King’s enmity. When Richard was deposed in the same year by Henry, later King Henry IV, the Duchy of Lancaster became part of crown properties and has remained so ever since. Queen Elizabeth is the current Duchess of Lancaster.

"Borders" by Thomas King Essay Example | Topics and …

The following is from the Bailiff's Accounts of 41 Henry III, Duchy of Lancaster, 29 September 1256 - 15 April 1257, delivered to Sir Edward Plantagenet, the eldest son of Henry III, later Edward I.


Henry de Lee, bailiff, and Benedict Ghernet [sic], render account of the Forest of West Derbyshire for the said time.

Of issues of the forest--viz., of arrears of the past year, 9d.; a certain plat arrented 18d.; of agistment, 5s. 6d.; of perquisites, 14s. 9d.

Of the winter agistment of Crocstad, 4s. 6d.; of perquisites, 7s.

Of aftermath (?) () of Simondeswod, sold in gross 9s.; of a turbary, 6s. 8d.; of perquisites, 6d.

Of dead wood sold in Tocstad, 11s. 6d.; of "fogg" sold 4s. 3 1/2d.; of the winter agistment, 34s. 3d.; of perquisites, 104s. 6d.



In money pardoned to Benedict Ghernet by the lord's writ, 50s.; in money delivered to Walter de Albini, 7l. 6s. 11 1/2d.

." - from page 210 "Lancashire Inquests, Extents, and Feudal Aids ..." by William Farrer.
Walter de Albini, a member of the d'Aubigny family, was, in the 1270's, "goldkeeper" to Edward I's Queen, Eleanor of Provence. This was a position in the Queen's wardrobe, a position of politcal favor. An earlier Walter de Albini had, in 1215, been a baron loyal to King John.

The short story "Borders" by Thomas King from the …

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6 Richard [1193-1194]. "Benedict Gernet's fine of L20 had been proffered for the King's confirmation of his office of Forester in fee of the Forest of Lancaster. He held twenty carucates of land with his office." - from "The Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I., A. D. 1130, and of the Reigns of ..." by Great Britain Exchequer, W. Farrer


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Benedict and Maud's children must have included at least the eldest, William and Roger, since Roger made a claim on the Honor of Montgomery based on his connection to Hamon de Bouler via Mabel Fitzurse. Note also that Benedict used as his arms, above, those of the Aubigny/Mowbrays, to the right. I believe the Bouler's were part of this clan. Note the the scalloped border of the Gernet arms. Since no one may bear another's arms unaltered, the border was there "for difference." Borders were used to denote a younger branch of the family or they alluded to descent on the feminine side. Benedict Gernet's arms were,
Arms: Gules, a lion rampant, argent, crowned or, a bordure engrailed of the last
Crest: A swan's head and neck held in a dexter hand, ppr
Motto:
- from a Family History by William Garnett of Virginia
"Crest: A swan's head and neck held in a dexter hand, ppr . . . The crest appears on the seal of Benedict de Gernet, the sixth and last hereditary Royal forester as early as AD 1243, while the arms are given in a Harleian MSS of 1549." - from "The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography." The Talbot's, Earls of Shrewsbury, quartered their arms with Gernet. See "An Alphabetical Dictionary of Coats of Arms Belonging to Families in Great Britain and Ireland" by John Woody Papworth for a complete list of the families that used the Mowbray arms.

Thomas King King, Thomas (Vol. 89) - Essay - …

Count John had become King in 1199. Fines "were proffered by Lancashire free tenants for confirmation of charters granted by King John, when he was Count of Mortain, for the royal protection, for immunity from disturbance to their estates, and if summoned to prove their title, for the privilege of being heard before the King in Curia Regis . . . Benedict Gernet, 40 marks for confirmation of the office of Master Serjeant of the Forest of Lancaster." - from "The Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I., A. D. 1130, and of the Reigns of Henry II., A. D. 1155." Also,
2 John [Mich. 1199 - Mich. 1200]. "The bailiwick of the Forest of Lancaster had been in the King's hands for six months of the year, before the King restored it to Benedict Gernet. Henry de Nevill was answerable for the issues for the half year; but as the entry respecting this matter in the Roll of the following year has been cancelled, it is probably that Benedict Gernet had already recovered possession and answered to the Sheriff for his ferm, as in the usual course." - from "The Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I., A. D. 1130, and of the Reigns of ..." by Great Britain Exchequer, W. Farrerr
Did Benedict lose the forest as a matter of course upon the change in kingship, or was John returning an asset that Richard had taken for some transgression, that is support of John? What is a ferm []?
- "The Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I., A. D. 1130, and of the Reigns of Henry II., A. D. 1155 "
- "The Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I., A. D. 1130, and of the Reigns of Henry II., A. D. 1155 "