Ý (6) Feminist Ethics
Right and wrong is to be found in womens' responses to the relationship of caring.Comes out of the criticism that all other moral theories are 'masculine' -- display a male bias.Ý Specifically, feminists are critical of the 'individualistic' nature of other moral theories (they take individualism to be a 'masculine' idea).Ý Rather, feminist ethics suggests that we need to consider the self as at least partly constructed by social relations.Ý So morality, according to some feminist moral philosophers, must be ground in 'moral emotions' like love and sympathy, leading to relationships ofcaring.Ý This allows legitimate biases towards those with whom we haveclose social relationships.
In theirarguments for humanism, existentialism, etc., philosophers have spent lifetimestrying to construct a difference between the apparent continuity of humankind,and the periodic death of individual humans. Most of us think of our ancestorsas a link to the past, and our children as a link to the future, yet if we donot survive the grave each generation may die an isolated death that mocks anyassertion that humankind has a continuing existence apart from its individualmembers. If each person's death results in their no longer existing, then nomanner of historical recording, social progression, or other remembrance in theminds of those whose time to die is yet to come, can in any way affect,preserve, or make any difference whatsoever to those who no longer are. No onewill survive to remember. If each of us ceases to be, then your life may haveno meaning and your choices may make no difference.
Listen to (or read) the speeches by Martin Luther King and George Wallace concerning the issue of segregation and analyze the transcript of those speeches and then relate the views of philosophers or philosophical theories discussed during the term that relate to these speeches. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered the following speech on August 28, 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. After listening to and analyzing each speech, construct the opposing arguments Dr. King and George Wallace would be likely to make, based on their statements in the speeches, regarding each of the following five philosophical issues we have discussed in this class:. the legitimacy of positive law versus natural law a subject’s duty to obey the law how law should or should not be used to promote the common good harm to others principle as justification for his views the role morality should play in determining the aims of law Identify the statements in the speech that support your position. Justify your arguments by referencing the views of philosophers or philosophical theories discussed during the term. Supplement your discussion with material from two sources other than the textbook. Assignment Checklist The checklist is a tool to help you evaluate whether you have met the goals of the Assignment. Take the time to review the checklist both before and after you have completed the Assignment. This will help you become familiar with your instructor’s expectations and provide you with direction in meeting the Assignment’s outcome. Checklist: Did you: Construct the opposing arguments Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s and George Wallace would likely have made regarding each of the five issues, supporting such arguments with statements in their speeches? Justify your arguments by referencing the views of philosophers or philosophical theories discussed during the term? Use internal citations in the body of the text as well as a proper list of references at the end of the paper, following APA format?
This essay is aimed at those professionals in the early stages of their careers and is designed to present some basic tenets that can be the foundation for a professional philosophy.
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