Worlds Within Worlds: The Novels of Ivan Turgenev.

Critical Essays on Ivan Turgenev.

Brothers were scarce in Russian literature from the first half of the nineteenth-century, much of which focused on a solitary, isolated Chatsky/Pechorin-like figure. This paper suggests that part of the cure to the “Russian disease” such characters suffered from was their embedment in family in the novels of the second-half of the century, and particularly their relationships with brothers. Close examination of Fathers and Children, The Golovlyovs, Anna Karenina, and The Brothers Karamazov shows how Russian authors moved away from English models and used brothers to create family plots focused on the present challenge of “brothering,” which in turn contributed to the novels’ spiritual depth.

As the son of a preacher Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was going to follow in his father’s footsteps, that was until he read a book by Charles Darwin called “The Origin of Species” After reading this book Ivan Pavlov dropped out of his theological studies and enrolled in a Natural Science program in the University of St-Petersburg....

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, a short novel written by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, is a story about the one day in the life of a person caught between the chaos of the war and the faceless entity that controls their lives.

Nikolai Gogol and Ivan Turgenev.

They are arranged in chronological order." Includes Aristotle's Poetics, Ars Poetica by Horace, The Defence of Poesy by Sir Philip Sidney, An Essay of Dramatic Poesy by John Dryden, An Essay on Criticism by Alexander Pope, The Four Ages of Poetry by Thomas Love Peacock, The Study of Poetry by Matthew Arnold, Tradition and the Individual Talent by T.

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In Fathers and Sons the new generation is represented by the characters Arkady Nikolaevich Kirsanov and Evgeny Vasilich Bazarov, recent university graduates and self-proclaimed nihilists.

[tags: One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich Essays]

[tags: One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich Essays]

In his masterpiece Fathers and Sons, Turgenev emphasizes the enormous difference between subsequent generations by describing their distinctive philosophical views and life ideologies.

[tags: One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich Essays]

Both Leo Tolstoy, in his work, The Death of Ivan Ilyich and Fyodor Dostoyevsky, in his work, Notes from Underground criticize Modernization and its effects as a danger to society.


who wrote no fewer than five critical essays on Turgenev's work, ..

In many of his books, but specifically One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn deals with the idea that the mind is not truly free.

Ivan Turgenev.

Ivan managed countless changes in the progression from a medieval state to an empire and emerging regional power, and became the first ruler to be crowned as Tsar of All the Russias....

Find great deals for Critical Editions: Fathers and Sons by Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (1995, Paperback). Shop with confidence on eBay!

It is not until Ivan is on his death bed in his final moments that he realizes that materialism had brought to his life only envy, possessiveness, and non-generosity and that the personal relationships we forge are more important than who we are or what we own....

Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev was born into a family of Russian land-owners in ..

Dostoevsky had a life-long love for the Book of Job. In his memoirs Dostoevsky's brother, Andrei, recalls that the brothers' first reader was an adaptation of Old and New Testament Bible stories, which included the story of Job. Father Zosima recalls being spiritually overwhelmed, hearing, at eight years old, the Book of Job being read in church on Great Monday (Strastnyi ponedel'nik). Much later, in June of 1875, Dostoevsky wrote his wife that he was enthusiastically reading, probably rereading, the Book of Job (29.2:43). Eventually Dostoevsky would incorporate Father Zosima's interpretation of the Book of Job -- that is, essentially his own -- in his indirect response to the logically "irrefutable" arguments of Ivan Karamazov developed in "Rebellion" and "The Grand Inquisitor." Since Father Zosima's treatment of Job is both traditional and highly idiosyncratic, it is worth exploring in greater depth, because he employs the Book of Job not only to respond to the accusations of Ivan Karamazov regarding divine injustice but also to advance his own philosophy of love of the earth and universal responsibility. Zosima's Job, in the end is like no other, as God himself says of Job in the Book of Job, but it is the Job Dostoevsky needed to defend God's world against its nineteenth-century detractors. Our present-day socialists, Dostoevsky writes "vehemently deny God's creation, God's world, and its significance” (sozdanie bozhie, mir bozhii i smysl ego).

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This paper responds to recently debated questions of “reading Dostoevsky religiously” by investigating themes of personal transformation and ego transcendence in his works. They are seen as the writer’s chief response to the crisis of modernity. Contrary to conventional wisdom that sees a uniquely Russian derivation of his religious ideas, recent studies argue that motifs of Eastern Orthodoxy are occasional, and mostly peripheral in his novels. The present essay concurs that religious ideas in Dostoevsky have a syncretic foundation, and argues that his religious themes center on the idea of authentic self, elements of which emanate from sources familiar to Dostoevsky in syncretic philosophy of German Romanticism and Neoplatonism. Instances of visionary experience, epiphany, and personal insight in Dostoevsky’s narratives posit the reality of transcendent awareness where authentic self is aligned with primary consciousness beyond the ego or apparent self. Prince Myshkin, Elder Zosima, and Alyosha Karamazov are discussed as examples of inwardly illumined characters, who typify embodiments of the authentic self revealed by insight of a numinous quality. These works and selected nonfiction writings are cited to show that the focal point of Dostoevsky’s critique of modern secular reason and so-called rational egoism is the pre-modern idea that authentic self is revealed by a moral and aesthetic vision emanating from a transcendent order of being.