Children with FAS who grow up around violence and hostility are much more likely to develop the “secondary conditions” as mentioned before which are a huge risk to the outcome of the child’s behavior as he/she grows up and enters the world outside the home.
More specifically, the embryo or fetus in a pregnant woman who continues drinking will sustain fatal damage and miscarry as a process of natural selection. However, if this damage is limited and not fatal to the embryo or fetus, it will remain in the womb due to the anti-miscarriage effect of alcohol and continue to develop. Nevertheless, the development of the entire fetus will be inhibited if the mother continues drinking. As a result, some babies are born with clinically evident congenital abnormalities (FAS) and some with several suspected abnormalities but no apparent symptoms.
A fetus by the 8th week of pregnancy is still called an embryo. This embryonic period is the critical time when the fetal organs are most susceptible to the development of major abnormalities caused by the fetotoxic effect of alcohol. Susceptibility to alcohol regarding whole organs or a part shows individual variability. Thalidomide, a notorious sleep-inducing drug, causes birth defects if a pregnant woman takes the drug at a certain stage of the embryonic period (34th - 50th day after the first day of the last menstrual period). In contrast, alcohol exposure can cause damage to fetus at all stages of in utero development. The effects of fetal toxicity on development of the fetal organs occur mainly at the early stage of pregnancy including the embryonic period, and on the entire growth of the fetus at the period of mid to late pregnancy. Thus, it can be said that FAS (FAE) is embryopathy and at the same time, fetopathy. FAS is not an accidental disease; this is just the tip of the iceberg, below the surface there are enormous hidden problems.
On the other hand Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a combination of defects consisting of facial abnormalities, intellectual disabilities, and defects of other organs.
These infants have Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
Fetal alcohol syndrome, fetal alcohol effects, and neurodevelopmental disorder are just a few of the problems a child might have if a woman drinks while she is pregnant....
In 1968, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome was characterized by P.
A pregnant woman is physiologically in a state of dynamic equilibrium along with the development of fetus, therefore, her condition places her at a disadvantage for the efficient metabolism of alcohol. ADH can be found in a fetal liver from the middle of the third month of pregnancy, and its activity will slightly linear increase; nonetheless, a fetus has almost no capacity to break down alcohol. In addition, a low molecular weight alcohol passes swiftly through the placenta and harms a developing fetus. Fifty percent of the alcohol crossing the placenta enters the bloodstream of the fetus, and the remaining 50% enters the circulatory system via the fetal liver. While alcohol remains in the bloodstream, the fetus, so to speak, continues being forced to consume alcohol by the mother.
[tags: fetal alcohol syndrome, FAS]
Consider these statistics from the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence: *In 1988, alcoholism and problems related to it cost the United States an estimated $85.8 billion in mortality and reduced productivity; *Fetal alcohol syndrome, caused by a woman's drinking during pregnancy, afflicts five thousand infants a year; it costs about $1.4 billion annually to treat the infants, children and adults afflicted with FAS; *More than twenty thousand people die annually in alcohol related car accidents....
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Essays - StudentShare
Forty percent of pregnant women addicted to alcohol give birth to a baby with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). In Japan, Dr. Takashima and others presented the first case in 1978. Both FAS as well as FAE (Fetal Alcohol Effects, incomplete features of FAS) are considered to be caused mainly by the direct action of alcohol (ethanol). There are also cases of suspected FAS (potential group) without any apparent symptoms. Three main diagnostic terms are used to describe babies associated with FAS caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol: facial abnormalities, dysfunction of the central nervous system, and retardation of growth.