[21.41]"I am not afraid of any onethinking that I am saying this in a spirit of bravado for the sake of puttingyou in good heart, whilst my real feelings and convictions are far otherwise.I was at perfect liberty to go with my army to Spain, for which countryI had actually started, and which was my assigned province. There I shouldhave had my brother to share my plans and dangers; I should have had Hasdrubalrather than Hannibal as my foe, and undoubtedly a less serious war on myhands. But as I was sailing along the coast of Gaul I heard tidings ofthis enemy, and at once landed, and after sending on cavalry in advancemoved up to the Rhone. A cavalry action was fought - that was the onlyarm I had the opportunity of employing - and I defeated the enemy. Hisinfantry were hurrying away like an army in flight, and as I could notcome up with them overland, I returned to my ships with all possible speed,and after making a wide circuit by sea and land have met this dreaded foealmost at the foot of the Alps. Does it seem to you that I have unexpectedlyfallen in with him whilst I was anxious to decline a contest and not ratherthat I am meeting him actually on his track and challenging and dragginghim into action? I shall be glad to learn whether the earth has suddenlywithin the last twenty years produced a different breed of Carthaginans,or whether they are the same as those who fought at the Aegates, and whomyou allowed to depart from Eryx on payment of eighteen denarii a head,and whether this Hannibal is, as he gives out, the rival of Hercules inhis journeys, or whether he has been left by his father to pay tax andtribute and to be the slave of the Roman people. If his crime at Saguntumwere not driving him on, he would surely have some regard, if not for hisconquered country, at all events for his house and his father, and thetreaties signed by that Hamilcar who at the order of our consul withdrewhis garrison from Eryx, who with sighs and groans accepted the hard conditionsimposed on the conquered Carthaginians, and who agreed to evacuate Sicilyand pay a war indemnity to Rome. And so I would have you, soldiers, fightnot merely in the spirit which you are wont to show against other foes,but with feelings of indignant anger as though you saw your own slavesbearing arms against you. When they were shut up in Eryx we might haveinflicted the most terrible of human punishments and starved them to death;we might have taken our victorious fleet across to Africa, and in a fewdays destroyed Carthage without a battle. We granted pardon to their prayers,we allowed them to escape from the blockade, we agreed to terms of peacewith those whom we had conquered, and afterwards when they were in direstraits through the African war we took them under our protection, To requiteus for these acts of kindness they are following the lead of a young madmanand coming to attack our fatherland. I only wish this struggle were forhonour alone and not for safety. It is not about the possession of Sicilyand Sardinia, the old subjects of dispute, but for Italy that you haveto fight. There is no second army at our back to oppose the enemy if wefall to win, there are no more Alps to delay his advance while a fresharmy can be raised for defence. Here it is, soldiers, that we have to resist,just as though we were fighting before the walls of Rome. Every one ofyou must remember that he is using his arms to protect not himself onlybut also his wife and little children; nor must his anxiety be confinedto his home, he must realise, too, that the senate and people of Rome arewatching our exploits today. What our strength and courage are now here,such will be the fortune of our City yonder and of the empire of Rome."
"As to the course of the Nile, its waters, after their firstrise, run towards the east, about the length of a musket-shot;then, turning northward, continue hidden in the grass and weeds forabout a quarter of a league, when they reappear amongst a quantityof rocks. The Nile, from its source, proceeds with soinconsiderable a current that it is in danger of being dried up bythe hot season; but soon receiving an increase from the , the , the , and the othersmaller rivers, it expands to such a breadth in the plains of Boad,which is not above three days' journey from its source, that amusket-ball will scarcely fly from one bank to the other. Here it begins to run northward,winding, however, a little to the east, for the space of nine orten leagues, and then enters the so-much-talked-of lake of , flowing with suchviolent rapidity, that its waters may be distinguished through thewhole passage, which is no less than six leagues. Here begins thegreatness of the Nile. Fifteen miles farther, in the land of , it rushesprecipitately from the top of a high rock, and forms one of themost beautiful waterfalls in the world. Lobo says, he passed underit without being wet, and resting himself, for the sake of thecoolness, was charmed with a thousand delightful rainbows, whichthe sunbeams painted on the water, in all their shining and livelycolours. The fall of this mighty stream, fromso great a height, makes a noise that may be heard at aconsiderable distance: but it was not found, that the neighbouringinhabitants were deaf. After the cataract, the Nile collects itsscattered stream among the rocks, which are so near each other,that, in Lobo's time, a bridge of beams, on which the wholeimperial army passed, was laid over them. Sultan Sequed has sincebuilt a stone bridge of one arch, in the same place, for whichpurpose he procured masons from India. Here the river alters itscourse, and passes through various kingdoms, such as ,and the kingdom of , and, after variouswindings, returns within a short day's journey of its spring. Topursue it through all its mazes, and accompany it round the kingdomof , is ajourney of twenty-nine days. From Abyssinia, the river passes intothe countries of and , two vast regionslittle known, inhabited by nations entirely different from theAbyssins. Their hair, like that of the other blacks in thoseregions, is short and curled. In the year 1615, , Lieu tenant-general to Sultan , entered thosekingdoms in a hostile manner; but, not being able to getintelligence, returned without attempting any thing. As the empireof Abyssinia terminates at these descents, Lobo followed the courseof the Nile no farther, leaving it to rage over barbarous kingdoms,and convey wealth and plenty into Ægypt, which owes to the annualinundations of this river its envied fertility. Lobo knowsnothing of the Nile in the rest of its passage, except that itreceives great increase from many other rivers, has severalcataracts like that already described, and that few fish are to befound in it: that scarcity is to be attributed to theriver-horse, and the crocodile, which destroy theweaker inhabitants of the river. Something, likewise, must beimputed to the cataracts, where fish cannot fall without beingkilled. Lobo adds, that neither he, nor any with whom he conversedabout the crocodile, ever saw him weep; and, therefore,all that hath been said about his tears, mustbe ranked among the fables, invented for the amusement ofchildren.
"Do not think because the war, being against Rome, bears a greatname, that therefore victory will be correspondingly difficult. Many adespised enemy has fought a long and costly fight; nations and kings ofhigh renown have been beaten with a very slight effort. For, setting asidethe glory which surrounds the name of Rome, what point is there in whichthey can be compared to you? To say nothing of your twenty years' campaigningearned on with all your courage, all your good fortune, from the pillarsof Hercules, from the shores of the ocean, from the furthest corners ofthe earth, through the midst of all the most warlike peoples of Spain andGaul, you have arrived here as victors. The army with which you will fightis made up of raw levies who were beaten, conquered, and hemmed in by theGauls this very summer, who are strangers to their general, and he a strangerto them. I, reared as I was, almost born, in the headquarters tent of myfather, a most distinguished general, I, who have subjugated Spain andGaul, who have conquered not only the Alpine tribes, but, what is a muchgreater task, the Alps themselves - am I to compare myself with this sixmonths' general who has deserted his own army, who, if any one were topoint out to him the Romans and the Carthaginians after their standardswere removed, would, I am quite certain, not know which army he was incommand of as consul? I do not count it a small matter, soldiers, thatthere is not a man amongst you before whose eyes I have not done many asoldierly deed, or to whom I, who have witnessed and attested his courage,could not recount his own gallant exploits and the time and place wherethey were performed. I was your pupil before I was your commander, andI shall go into battle surrounded by men whom I have commended and rewardedthousands of times against those who know nothing of each other, who aremutual strangers.
"On the Endless Beauty in Nature" is reprinted.
Kids Essay On Beauty Of Nature Essays and Research Papers Kids Essay On Beauty Of Nature BEAUTIES OF NATURE We Countryside Is Safe For Kids Essay.
Sample 550 Words Essay on Travelling - …
That the history of an author must be found in his works is, ingeneral, a true observation; and was never more apparent than inthe present narrative. Every aera of Johnson's life is fixed by hiswritings. In 1744, he published the life of Savage; and thenprojected a new edition of Shakespeare. As a preludeto that design, he published, in 1745, MiscellaneousObservations on the Tragedy of Macbeth, with remarks on sir ThomasHanmer's edition; to which were prefixed, Proposals for a newEdition of Shakespeare, with a Specimen. Of this pamphlet,Warburton, in the preface to Shakespeare, has given his opinion:"As to all those things, which have been published under the titleof essays, remarks, observations, &c. on Shakespeare, if youexcept some critical notes on Macbeth, given as a specimenof a projected edition, and written, as appears, by a man of partsand genius, the rest are absolutely below a serious notice." Butthe attention of the public was not excited; there was no friend topromote a subscription; and the project died to revive at a futureday. A new undertaking, however, was soon after proposed; namely,an English dictionary upon an enlarged plan. Several of the mostopulent booksellers had meditated a work of this kind; and theagreement was soon adjusted between the parties. Emboldened by thisconnexion, Johnson thought of a better habitation than he hadhitherto known. He had lodged with his wifein courts and alleys about the Strand; but now, for the purpose ofcarrying on his arduous undertaking, and to be nearer his printerand friend, Mr. Strahan, he ventured to take a house in Goughsquare, Fleet street. He was told, that the earl of Chesterfieldwas a friend to his undertaking; and, in consequence of thatintelligence, he published, in 1747, The Plan of a Dictionaryof the English Language, addressed to the right honourable PhilipDormer, earl of Chesterfield, one of his Majesty's principalsecretaries of state. Mr. Whitehead, afterwards poet laureate,undertook to convey the manuscript to his lordship: the consequencewas an invitation from lord Chesterfield to the author. A strongercontrast of characters could not be brought together; the nobleman,celebrated for his wit, and all the graces of polite behaviour; theauthor, conscious of his own merit, towering in idea above allcompetition, versed in scholastic logic, but a stranger to the artsof polite conversation, uncouth, vehement, and vociferous. Thecoalition was too unnatural. Johnson expected a Maecenas, and wasdisappointed. No patronage, no assistance followed. Visits were repeated; but the reception wasnot cordial. Johnson, one day, was left a full hour, waiting in anantichamber, till a gentleman should retire, and leave his lordshipat leisure. This was the famous Colley Cibber. Johnson saw him go,and, fired with indignation, rushed out of the house. What lordChesterfield thought of his visitor may be seen in a passage in oneof that nobleman's letters to his son. "There is aman, whose moral character, deep learning, and superior parts, Iacknowledge, admire, and respect; but whom it is so impossible forme to love, that I am almost in a fever, whenever I am in hiscompany. His figure (without being deformed) seems made to disgraceor ridicule the common structure of the human body. His legs andarms are never in the position which, according to the situation ofhis body, they ought to be in, but constantly employed incommitting acts of hostility upon the graces. He throws any where,but down his throat, whatever he means to drink; and mangles whathe means to carve. Inattentive to all the regards of social life,he mistimes and misplaces every thing. He disputeswith heat indiscriminately, mindless of the rank, character, andsituation of those with whom he disputes. Absolutely ignorant ofthe several gradations of familiarity and respect, he is exactlythe same to his superiors, his equals, and his inferiors; and,therefore, by a necessary consequence, is absurd to two of thethree. Is it possible to love such a man? No. The utmost I can dofor him is, to consider him a respectable Hottentot." Such was theidea entertained by lord Chesterfield. After the incident of ColleyCibber, Johnson never repeated his visits. In his high and decisivetone, he has been often heard to say, "lord Chesterfield is a witamong lords, and a lord among wits."
Traveling or seeing places is an important part of our education
First, we need to understand what the word means. "Creation," as I shall use the word in these essays, refers both to the process and product of creation: we apply it both to the creation of the universe and to the universe as a creation. And I must make an important clarification from the start. Too often, "creation" as process is popularly understood, and thus misunderstood, to refer simply to the origination of the universe. Many people, it appears, think of creation as something that happened in the past. To them "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth" (Gen. 1:1) means "God did this way back then." Christians have been arguing rather vociferously in recent years over how far back "then" is, as many believers accept the scientific evidence for a universe some 13.7 billion years old, and others claim that the Bible teaches that the universe is only about 6,000 to 10,000 years old. In fact, the Bible doesn't teach this, but that is another matter, and we'll review this controversy in a later essay.
One cannot believe a fact to be true unless one sees it
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