And if so, what are the most promising strategies?

Furthermore, for many people of both systems carsharing is an important reason not to buy a car.

In this study a Federal District Judge for the Eastern District of Louisiana was an active member of an elite New Orleans social club. This club was involved in litigation with the City of New Orleans and the Judge also presided over several lawsuits involving members of this club as participants or counsel in the lawsuits. The methodology of the study was to interview between September 8th and 12th, 1993, a total of 814 residents in thirteen parishes (counties in New Orleans). The results of this study indicate that a high percentage of the people surveyed believed that the judge's treatment of issues and his decision would be influenced by membership in the club. This study clearly demonstrates that the public is responsive to personal choices a judge makes, and the public's reaction to these choices affects its perception of the justice system. Matters of ethical conduct do have a clear impact on the general perception about the legitimacy of judicial decision-making.iii. Impartiality: Objectifying the Standard of Conduct

The methodology of the study was to interview between September 8th and 12th, 1993, a total of 814 residents in thirteen parishes (counties in New Orleans). The results of this study indicate that a high percentage of the people surveyed believed that the judge's treatment of issues and his decision would be influenced by membership in the club. This study clearly demonstrates that the public is responsive to personal choices a judge makes, and the public's reaction to these choices affects its perception of the justice system. Matters of ethical conduct do have a clear impact on the general perception about the legitimacy of judicial decision-making.

Ontario introduced anti-racing legislation in 2007 to deal with high-speed driving (i.e. 50 km/h over the limit). Driver’s licences can be automatically suspended, vehicles can be impounded for up to seven days, and there are hefty fines (i.e. $10,000). The Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) reported that speed-related fatalities dropped by about 50% from 2007 to 2009 on highways that they patrol. A similar law came into effect in British Columbia in 2010. Quebec has also introduced new safety measures in March 2011.

This type of system allows users to book a car at any point and any time within a specified area.

Such additionalpressure on ecosystems and biodiversity would come at a time when the world is already facing anunprecedented collapse in the numbers of species.

In our vision, we depict a sustainable transportsystem of the future.

The system as a whole is composed of the DMV vehicle operating on roads and rails, the mode interchange system for changing between road and rail quickly, and the traffic control system managing DMV operation.

This has been reduced to around 5 % of ecosystems today.

The Italiancase was selected for the peculiar characteristics of its travel infrastructure system.

Besides these targeted purchase subsidies, which are at the centre of this report, other, more general, funding schemes for research anddevelopment or infrastructure like charging points and secure parking can also contribute to the promotion of electric cycling.

Getting the best out of a Demerit Point System.

Research by the present authors had previously identified that older people's beliefs about what is the normal, acceptable, or even expected choice in a particular social context ("social norms") and their tendency to favour, more than any other age group, what is positively valued by society ("pro-social value orientation") affect their attitudes to road pricing.


Ontario Demerit Point System

We used operations research (OR) methodology to formulate the problem, then we relaxed a carpool system'srestriction: the schedule coincidence requirement.

Demerit points are added to your driver’s licence, if you are convicted of breaking certain driving laws

ECF therefore recommends to adopt balanced policies and promotion strategies for electromobility that help to realise the potential ofelectrifying the transport system as a whole instead of only focusing on one mode.

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We found that a small group of people with different but compatible schedules, and who meet each otherpreviously, can join the same carpool and benefit from it, provided that the system operates under the optimisedconfigurations presented, so that the increase in the number of departure times available does not decreasevehicle occupancy rates more than necessary.

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Using the example of DriveNow and Flinkster in Berlin and Munich, this article examines to what extent free-floating carsharing leads to a reduction of car ownership compared to station-based carsharing.

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This thesis also contributes with new empirical data of the technological transitiontowards electric vehicles within public bus transport, seen as a Large Technical System.