In the second example, Jones knows that with a probability of one to ten billion she will blow up Smith's apartment by turning on her computer (there is something wrong with the wiring). As we all take much higher risks every day, let us assume that Jones's decision to turn on her computer today is rational and morally acceptable. Let us further assume that today, when Jones turns on the computer, Smith's apartment is blown up. Now, did Jones take a foolish risk today? Probably not. The decision to take the risk was, and still is, in retrospect, rationally and morally legitimate, despite the unfortunate fact that the improbable, unwanted outcome was materialized.
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) Over 1000 different germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) located on chromosome 5q21-q22 have been shown to cause FAP....
Although genetic engineering may reap benefits to modern civilization, it raises questions of human ethics, morality, and the limitations we need to set to protect humanity.
Focusing on the genetic elements of sickness and health diverts
attention away from the social and environmental causes of
disease and makes it easy to blame preventable illnesses on "bad
genes." If our goal is healthier, smarter, or otherwise
"improved" future generations, there are obvious ways to achieve
that goal, such as protecting pregnant women and their babies
from toxic exposures and making sure all women have opportunities
for good nutrition and health care during pregnancy.
Genetic engineering is highly immoral because of four robust reasons:
In the vast majority of cases,
disease is produced or prevented through interactions between
genes and our social and physical environments. For example,
certain genetic mutations may increase the likelihood of breast
cancer, but women with these mutations will not necessarily
develop breast cancer.
Human Genetic Engineering: Wrong | National Review
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Figure 6: The International Olympic Committee is one of multiple organizations that have expressed public concern about genetic engineering.