To begin with, Emerson asserts that "the poet is representative," standing "among partial men for the complete man," apprising us "not of his wealth, but of the commonwealth." Instead of treating the poet as a superior kind of person, placed by his talent above the ordinary run of human beings, Emerson here lays down the cornerstone of a modern democratic aesthetic. The poet is a greater person than the ordinary, but his very greatness is his representative nature. The poet realizes and actualizes the humanity we all share and realize in ourselves. This concept of the representative poet would form the major theme of Emerson's 1850 book, , and it is an important concept for the early .
Emerson's second main point is "the poet is the sayer, the namer." That is to say Emerson here rejects the idea that the poet is primarily a maker, a craftsman, or wordsmith. Formalist critics from Jonson to had emphasized the craft of writing, seeing the poet as a maker. For Emerson, the poet is a seer and a sayer, a person inspired, a transmitter of the poetry that inheres in nature and in us. He is not just a maker of verses. Emerson's poet is the inspired, divine, prophet-bard who has access to truth and whose function is to declare it, as Barbara Packer shows in (1982). From this notion it follows that poems are not "machines made out of words," or "verbal constructs." By contrast, for Emerson, "poetry was all written before time was." The poet's job is to establish contact with the primal, natural world, "where the air is music," and try to write down in words what has always existed in nature. When writes that "Nature's first green is gold," he is giving words to something that has been going on for eons, namely the first appearance of light greenish gold when the leaves first begin to break out of the bud in spring.
It contains "History," "Self-Reliance,""Compensation," "Spiritual Laws," "Love," "Friendship,""Prudence," "Heroism," "The Over-Soul," "Circles," "Intellect,"and "Art." The second series of Essays (1844) includes "ThePoet," "Manners," and "Character." In it Emerson tempered theoptimism of the first volume of essays, placing less emphasis onthe self and acknowledging the limitations of real life.
In the interval between the publication of these two volumes,Emerson wrote for The Dial, the journal of New EnglandTranscendentalism, which was founded in 1840 with Margaret Fuller(later famous as a critic and feminist) as editor.
In Ralph Waldo Emerson’s essay “Self-Reliance”, he tells us that once people are able to be independent, they should be an individual who believes in themselves and does not conform to society.
[tags: ralph waldo emerson, self reliance]
a collection of quotations from Ralph Waldo Emerson, collected by this site's webmaster. Emerson is perhaps the most widely quoted American writer and many of are simply packed with quotable quotes.
Ralph Waldo Emerson - Wikipedia
If there is one piece that beautifully and succinctly expressesEmerson's vision of India it is in his poem Brahma.
(source: - MJF Books 1935.
Nature and Other Essays : Ralph Waldo Emerson : …
Ralph Waldo Emerson One of the great controversial debates in Psychology is determining if characteristics and behavior are primarily due to genetics or the environment.